5 Elements Every Sales Proposal Should Include
A sales proposal is sometimes a mere formality—the customer has already made up his or her mind whether he or she is going to buy. At other times, a sales proposal makes all the difference. It will be reviewed by all decision-makers and influencers involved in the purchase.
Since you never know for sure if your proposal is a formality, you should craft it as if the sale depended on it. A polished proposal can never be overkill, but one that’s sloppily put together could talk you out of an order.
Here are five elements your sales proposal should include making it persuasive and powerful.
1. An executive summary
Whether your proposal is one page or 20 pages (we’ll talk about length in a minute), always lead with an executive summary (and here’s how to write one). Diving right into the technical aspects of your proposal is tempting, and it will probably appeal to hands-on buyers and influencers.
However, some buyers and most high-level influencers are not interested in the details and want a quick answer to the question: “What’s in it for us?”
Accordingly, the executive summary briefly outlines:
- A description of the product/service to be purchased
- The key benefits of the product/service
- Why the product/service should be purchased now
- Mention of any warranties, guarantees, special terms that apply
Some sellers err by putting the executive summary at the end of the proposal rather than making it the lead. Although a summary conclusion is logical enough, the problem is that some customers are so impatient they never make it to the end of the proposal.
2. The appropriate level of detail
Generally, the shorter a proposal is, the better. However, problems arise when sales proposals are too long or too short. If you are too sketchy on details, customers may worry you’re hiding something or a poorly organized company. If you are overly detailed, customers may worry that if anything goes wrong, you’re the type of company that will hang them on a technicality.
The best tool to pinpoint your proposal’s ideal length is common sense. If you are selling a highly technical, high-value, and/or expensive-to-implement product or service, then your proposal naturally needs to spell out specifications, terms, and warranties in some detail. If you are selling a commodity, less detail is required. High tech, low tech, or no tech, it’s always wise to avoid industry jargon and acronyms without defining them.
Once the proposal is completed, give it a thorough editing. Most proposals can be shortened if a second set of eyes takes a hard look. Good editing enhances your proposal’s persuasive power by making your message more clear and concise.
A helpful editing technique is read the text aloud or have a voice tool read it back to you; you are more likely to catch missed words and awkward phrases by listening. Learn more about editing.
3. A reason to buy now
It’s human nature to delay making a decision, especially one that involves spending money. Unless they have a problem they are desperate to solve (which is rarely the case), customers will look for reasons to table your proposal. This is why it’s crucial to give customers a reason to buy now.
Sellers often think their product/service value speaks for itself. But even if the proposal conveys that value with the eloquence of Shakespeare, many customers still need the extra nudge of a tangible, tantalizing extra.
Here are several “extras” that have been proven to work over and over:
- A discount of “x dollars” on the initial purchase
- One free with 10 purchased
- Extended billing terms
- A generous cash discount
- Free or discounted accessories
- Extended warranties
- Additional warranty coverage
- A free block of hours for consultation, training, or maintenance
- Free return policy
Some sellers fear that such offers will somehow cheapen their brand—but in my experience selling to small businesses up to Fortune 100 companies, these extras are always appreciated and more than occasionally turn a maybe into a yes. Learn more about the psychology of offers.
4. An outline of next steps
A great proposal not only includes extras that make it easy to say yes, it includes instructions on how to say yes. Think of your proposal, whether digital or on paper, as a bridge in the sales process. If the customer loves your proposal, he or she shouldn’t have to look anywhere other than at the proposal to take the next step and get the order rolling.
Thus, the final page of your proposal might lead with language such as, “When you are ready to proceed, please contact us at (phone number) or (email address).”
You can take the closing a step further by essentially turning the proposal into a contract by asking for acceptance and requesting the following information:
- A signature line noting acceptance of the proposal
- A check-box list of features/options to be included
- A check-box to confirm pricing
- Fields for credit card information
- Other information necessary to start fulfilling the order
This proposal element is even more effective when you review it in person with the customer—you may be able to walk out of the customer’s office with an order in hand.
5. Easy to read, persuasive design
So far, we’ve talked about proposal text. The design is just as important—and depending on what you’re selling, it may be more important. A slipshod layout and design deter people from reading your proposal, and even worse, convey a very negative brand image.
These are the elements of a strong design:
- Easy-to-read fonts—avoid Comic Sans and scripts
- As little variation as possible in font types, size and color—stick to one format for section headers and one format for the text underneath those headers
- High contrast—black type on a white background is ideal
- Short paragraphs with persuasive subheads
- Bulleted and numbered lists for easy scanning
- Plenty of white space (conveys expertise and efficiency)
- High-resolution images and graphical elements
- Images and graphics used to enhance readability, convey complex ideas, or draw attention to key features and benefits
- In terms of formatting, PDFs are preferable to Word documents, as they are more difficult to alter and yet can be designed to incorporate form completion
- If digital, easy to read on mobile devices
On this last point, don’t underestimate the need for easy mobile phone reading. Even in the most traditional B2B industries, customers have been liberated from their desktops and ponder proposals on mobile phones wherever they may be. Learn more about typography and design.
One final point: Make sure your proposal does not include any bad surprises—any substantive negatives or “fine print” should be discussed with the prospect in advance of sending the proposal. Overcoming objections before the proposal is delivered often makes the eventual order a foregone conclusion.
My 25 years in sales and marketing—most recently at Straight North—have given me the opportunity to test this approach. Your sales proposal will be most effective if it is as user-friendly as possible in terms of the message and its simplicity, how easy it is to read and scan, and how easy it is for the prospect to take the next step.